Cultural Marxism is the ideological driver behind Political Correctness.
Shortly after the Russian Revolution, in 1919 the Bolsheviks founded Comintern (the Communist International) to “fight by all available means … for the overthrow of the international bourgeoisie for the creation of an international Soviet republic.”
Two Marxist theorists, Antonio Gramsci of Italy and Georg Lukacs of Hungary, concluded that the Christianized West was the obstacle standing in the way of a communist new world order. Gramsci said that Christianity had corrupted the working class and the West would have to be de-Christianized by a “long march through the culture” – starting with the traditional family and completely engulfing churches, schools, media, entertainment, civic organizations, literature, science, and the presentation (and revision) of history.
In 1919, Georg Lukacs became Deputy Commissar for Culture in the short-lived Bolshevik Bela Kun regime in Hungary. He immediately set plans in motion to de-Christianize Hungary, by undermining firstly Christian sexual ethics among children, then the hated patriarchal family and the Church. He launched sex lectures in the schools and graphically instructed youth in free love (promiscuity) and sexual intercourse while simultaneously encouraging them to deride and reject Christian moral ethics, monogamy, and parental and church authority.
In 1923 Lukacs established the Institution for Marxism in Frankfurt – later known as the Frankfurt School. Lukacs said “I saw the revolutionary destruction of society as the one and only solution. A worldwide overturning of values cannot take place without the annihilation of the old values and the creation of new ones by the revolutionaries.”
The Frankfurt School spawned Critical Theory – the DESTRUCTIVE CRITICISM OF WESTERN CULTURE, including Christianity, Capitalism, Authority, The Family, Patriarchy, Morality, Tradition, Sexual restraint, Loyalty, Patriotism, Nationalism, Heredity, Ethno-centrism, Conservatism.
Critical Theory repeats over and over this mantra of alleged Western evils: Racism, Sexism, Colonialism, Nationalism, Homophobia, Fascism, Xenophobia, Imperialism, and of course Religious Bigotry (only applied to Christianity).
During the Second World War, the Frankfurt School relocated to various campuses in the USA. In 1950, Theodor Adorno of the Frankfurt School proposed the idea of the ‘authoritarian personality’ – claiming that Christianity, capitalism, and the traditional family create a character prone to racism and fascism. Thus, anyone who upholds traditional moral values and institutions is both racist and fascist, and everyone raised in the traditions of God, family, patriotism or free markets needs psychological help.
The Frankfurt School were frustrated at the persistent lack of interest by the Western working class in revolt. Herbert Marcuse asked the question: Who could substitute for the working class as the agent of revolution?
His answer was: marginalized groups, including black militants, feminists, homosexual militants, the asocial, the alienated and third world revolutionaries represented by the mass murderer Che Guevara.
Cultural terrorism – now called POLITICAL CORRECTNESS – was to be waged against white, Christian, capitalist, heterosexual males.
So VICTIM GROUPS were to be defended: Gays, blacks, women, also now Muslims as alleged victims of “racism” and “genocide” and also, more recently, the environment (being raped by white capitalists). Together, these constitute THE POLITICALLY CORRECT COALITION.
These Victim Groups are the basis of the Gay studies, Black studies, Women’s studies, Peace and Conflict studies, etc departments now infesting universities, along with the “Green Left”. None of these departments encourages genuine critical thought: they peddle only a one-sided agenda of destructive pessimism about Western culture.
Marcuse’s book ‘Eros and Civilization’ (1955) promoted Free Love and the Pleasure Principle – giving rise to the mantra of the late 1960s onward of “Make love not war” and “If it feels good, do it”. This in turn led to the drug counterculture of the 1970s – “turn on, tune in, drop out”. This is very subversive of traditional values like the work ethic and the pursuit of excellence.
Cultural Marxism now riddles the institutions of Western society – universities, and especially the public media. Its tactic of Political Correctness – linguistic fascism – now intimidates and suffocates much public discourse. It afflicts both the major parties, not only the Left.
The advance of Cultural Marxism has been hugely helped by the spread of postmodernist nihilist ideas, including the denial of absolute truth; denial of absolute standards; cultural, religious and moral relativism; assertion that life is meaningless; “tolerant” non-judgmentalism (which means refusing to defend any standards!); and a deterministic view of life.
Cultural Marxists teach that truth and morality are relative; that the end justifies the means; that the bedrock institutions of society are merely “power relationships”; and that people’s status and fortune in life is determined by class, gender, etc and that they have no free will or ability to take moral responsibility for their own life decisions. This promotes a “victimhood” mentality and encourages parasitic dependency.
The “social justice” agenda bought by so many people from Cultural Marxists is a smoke screen. When hardliners and their “useful idiots” talk in the schools and elsewhere about social justice, they’re not teaching about free enterprise and capitalism and individual responsibility and all the things that made America and Britain and Australia great. They’re promoting all the things that made the Soviet Union, leftist Europe (eg France) and China so bad.